Several provisions in the Code cover this situation, as well.
“No public employee shall file a complaint or otherwise initiate action against a public official or other public employee without a good faith basis for believing the
complaint to be true and accurate.” Ala. Code § 36-25-24.
“A public employee who without a good faith belief in the truthfulness and accuracy of a complaint filed against a supervisor, shall be subject to a civil action in
the circuit courts in the State of Alabama pursuant to the Alabama Rules of Civil Procedure as promulgated by the Supreme Court. Additionally, a public employee who
without a good faith belief in the truthfulness and accuracy of a complaint as filed against a supervisor shall be subject to appropriate and applicable personnel action.”
Ala. Code § 36-25-24.
“Nothing in this section shall be construed to allow a public employee to file a complaint to prevent, mitigate, lessen, or otherwise to extinguish existing or
anticipated personnel action by a supervisor. A public employee who willfully files such a complaint against a supervisor shall, upon conviction, be guilty of the
crime of false reporting.” Ala. Code § 36-25-24.
“Nothing in this chapter shall be construed in any manner to prevent or prohibit or otherwise limit a supervisor from disciplining, discharging, transferring, or
otherwise affecting the terms and conditions of a public employee's employment so long as the disciplinary action does not result from or is in no other manner connected
with the public employee's filing a complaint with the commission, giving truthful statements, and truthfully testifying.” Ala. Code § 36-25-24.